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Composition & Design

The way that shots are composed and what is put in them is known as "mise-en-scène". The term comes from theatre and simply means the arrangement of the scene – lighting, setting, props, costumes and actors. To this list we can add some uniquely film elements: framing, focus and point-of-view.

Composition and design, then, is about everything the viewer can see in the frame and how this supports the telling of the story.

In this tutorial you will learn about:

  • Arrangement;
  • Lighting and colour;
  • Framing, and;
  • How these elements help reveal the story and its themes.